Thursday, 1 October 2015

Deobandi Belief: Satan and Angel of Death are Omnipresent (Hadhir Nadhir) معاذ الله

The Deobandi mulla Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri (1852-1927) asserted that the Angel of Death and Satan are omnipresent (present everywhere at everytime), while to believe the same thing about the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) results in Shirk. The question for this ignorant mulla and his followers is if it is Shirk to believe the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) is present everywhere at everytime (which is undoubtedly Shirk), then how is it not Shirk to believe the exact same thing about the Angel of Death and about Satan? Furthermore, Mulla Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri says that Satan and Angel of Death being present everywhere is proven from the textual sources of Islam (Quran and Hadith), but fails to prove precisely which texts substantiate his assertion. On the contrary, the Holy Quran makes it plain that Satan is not a single person but there are multiple Satans

اِنَّہٗ یَرٰىکُمۡ ہُوَ وَ قَبِیۡلُہٗ مِنۡ حَیۡثُ لَا تَرَوۡنَہُمۡ

Translation: “He (Satan) sees you, he and his tribe, from where you do not see them.” [7:27]

Furthermore, in an authentic Hadith regarding the Satans, the Prophet (Sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said:

إِنَّ إِبْلِيسَ يَضَعُ عَرْشَهُ عَلَى الْمَاءِ ، ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ سَرَايَاهُ فَأَدْنَاهُمْ مِنْهُ مَنْزِلَةً أَعْظَمُهُمْ فِتْنَةً ، يَجِيءُ أَحَدُهُمْ ، فَيَقُولُ : فَعَلْتُ كَذَا وَكَذَا ، فَيَقُولُ : مَا صَنَعْتَ شَيْئًا ، قَالَ : ثُمَّ يَجِيءُ أَحَدُهُمْ ، فَيَقُولُ : مَا تَرَكْتُهُ حَتَّى فَرَّقْتُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ امْرَأَتِهِ ، قَالَ : فَيُدْنِيهِ مِنْهُ ، وَيَقُولُ : نِعْمَ أَنْتَ " ، قَالَ الْأَعْمَشُ : أُرَاهُ قَالَ فَيَلْتَزِمُهُ

Translation: “Iblis places his throne over the water, then he sends out his troops, and the one who is closest in status to him is the one who causes the greatest amount of Fitnah (tribulation or temptation). One of them comes and says: 'I have done such and such' and he says: 'you have not done anything' then one of them comes and says: 'I did not leave him until I separated him and his wife.' Then he draws him close to him and says: 'How good you are

Sahih Muslim; Hadith #7106

With respect to the Angel of Death Azrael (peace be upon him) he too has helpers in the form of other Angels which are divided into two categories, one category assigned to take the souls of the believers (known as Angels of mercy) and another category assigned to take the souls of the unbelievers (known as the Angels of torment). For example Allah (Azza wa Jall) says:

وَ لَوۡ تَرٰۤی اِذِ الظّٰلِمُوۡنَ فِیۡ غَمَرٰتِ الۡمَوۡتِ وَ الۡمَلٰٓئِکَۃُ بَاسِطُوۡۤا اَیۡدِیۡہِمۡ ۚ اَخۡرِجُوۡۤا اَنۡفُسَکُمۡ

Translation: If you could see when the wicked people are in the throes of death and the Angels stretch forth their hands (saying): Yield up your souls [6:93

Thus we see that no one, neither an Angel nor any Satan, shares in Allah's Attribute of seeing everything and being present everywhere (by means of His Power, Knowledge, and Encompassing Vision). However, Mulla Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri has assigned these attributes to both Satan and the Angel of Death thereby committing Shirk according to his own principle

ہر جگہ ملک الموت موجود ہے

ملک الموت ہر جگہ حاضر ہے

Translation: “The Angel of Death exists everywhere and is present everywhere

دیکھو شیطان ہر جگہ موجود ہے

Translation: Look, Satan is present everywhere

الحاصل غور کرنا چائے کہ شیطان وملک الموت کا حال دیکھ کر علم محیط زمین کا فخر عالم کو خلاف نصوص قطعیہ کے بلادلیل محض قیاس فاسد سے ثابت کرنا شرک نہیں تو کون سا ایمان کاحصہ ہےشیطان وملک الموت کو یہ وسعت نص سے ثابت ہوئی، فخر عالم کی وسعت علم کی کونسی نص قطعی ہے کہ جس سے تمام نصوص کو رد کر کے ایک شرک ثابت کرتا ہے

Translation: “By looking at the state of Satan and the Angel of Death, it is proven that encompassing knowledge of everything on the Earth for the Prophet is in opposition to the clear divine texts, without evidence, and a false analogy.If it is not Shirk then which part of Faith is it? Satan and the Angel of Death having this encompassing (knowledge) is proven from the divine text. But according to which clear divine text is it proven that the Prophet has encompassing knowledge,whereas such a belief is against all of the divine texts and is tantamount to Shirk

Reference: Barahin-i-Qati'ah; p.55

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