بِسمِ اللهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the Name of Allah; the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful
Continuing from the last entry regarding the reality of Gog and Magog, we now come to the description of these two nations from an authentic Hadith of the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam):
يَأْتِيَ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ ، عِرَاضُ الْوُجُوهِ ، صِغَارُ الْعُيُونِ ، شُهْبُ الشِّعَافِ ، مِنْ كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنْسِلُونَ ، كَأَنَّ وُجُوهَهُمْ الْمَجَانُّ الْمُطْرَقَةُ
“Gog and Magog will come, their faces are wide, with small eyes, they will descend from every elevated place. Their faces are like hammered shields.”
(Musnad of Imam Ahmad)
The physical description of Gog and Magog matches the same description the Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) gave of the Turkic people:
لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى تُقَاتِلُوا قَوْمًا نِعَالُهُمُ الشَّعَرُ وَحَتَّى تُقَاتِلُوا التُّرْكَ صِغَارَ الْأَعْيُنِ حُمْرَ الْوُجُوهِ ذُلْفَ الْأُنُوفِ كَأَنَّ وُجُوهَهُمُ الْمَجَانُّ الْمُطْرَقَةُ
“The Hour will not be established until you fight a nation whose shoes are made of hair, and until you fight the Turks (having) small eyes, red faces, and flat noses. Their faces are like hammered shields.”
Other Hadith give a similar description of the people of Khuz and Kerman. It is mentioned that the Dajjal will descend upon that land (Khuz and Kerman) with seventy thousand followers whose faces are like hammered shields.
It is my conclusion that the first attack of Gog and Magog upon the Arabs, as warned by the Prophet (peace be upon him) was by these nomadic Turkic tribes, having shoes made of hair, reddish complexion and reddish faces, small, beady eyes, flat noses, and round faces like hammered shields. The attacks of the Mongols, Tatars, Huns, etc., represent other waves of Gog and Magog.
However, it should be kept in mind that Gog and Magog are not restricted to being only Mongolic and Turkic people. All of the foreign nations which oppose the Muslims and Arabs specifically are described as Gog and Magog and included among them. This is made clear from the Hadith quoted in the previous entry which describes the taking out of 999 out of every 1000 for the Hellfire. 999 are from Gog and Magog and the 1 saved from Hell is from the Muslims.