بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
والصلاة والسلام على أشرف الأنبياء والمرسلين
وعلى آله وأصحابه أجمعين
Ministry of Prophecy in Islam
One of the offices to which a believing Muslim may be elevated to is the office of Wazir (minister), meaning a minister of a prophet. The word ‘Wazir’ occurs twice in the Holy Quran, in both instances regarding the Prophet Aaron (peace be upon him):
وَاجْعَل لِّي وَزِيرًا مِّنْ أَهْلِي ﴿٢٩﴾ هَارُونَ أَخِي ﴿٣٠﴾
“And make for me a Minister from my family – Aaron my brother”
(Sura 20: 29-30)
وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلْنَا مَعَهُ أَخَاهُ هَارُونَ وَزِيرًا
And We gave Moses the Book and We made along with him his brother Aaron a Minister
(Sura 25: 35)
Although AaronAS was a Prophet in his own right, he was made to serve as his younger brother’s, Prophet Moses, Minister.
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) mentioned that his own brother in faith, his paternal cousin and son-in-law, Ali b. Abi TalibRA, enjoyed the same status of Aaron with one important caveat:
أَلاَ تَرْضَى أَنْ تَكُونَ مِنِّي بِمَنْزِلَةِ هَارُونَ مِنْ مُوسَى إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ نَبِيٌّ بَعْدِي
“Are you not pleased that you are to me in the position that Aaron is to Moses, except that there is no Prophet after me.” (Hadith al-Manzila)
In other words, though Ali b. Abi TalibRA was not a Prophet, he was nonetheless the Minister of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), identical to how Prophet AaronAS was Prophet Moses’sAS Minister.
After the death of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the office of Minister of the Prophet has not necessarily ceased. Any believing Muslim who acts as the Prophet’s Vizier, representing him and carrying on his mission of preaching Tawhid and the Quraan, should be considered as having been made by Allah as a Minister of the ProphetSA in the latter’s absence. A Mujaddid (revivalist) for example is essentially a Minister of the ProphetSA. In fact, a Mujaddid is such an office that Allah Himself designates and raises him up, similar to how a Prophet is directly chosen by Allah, based on the Hadith:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَبْعَثُ لِهَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ مِائَةِ سَنَةٍ مَنْ يُجَدِّدُ لَهَا دِينَهَا
“Verily, Allah will raise for this Umma at the head of every century one who shall renew for it its Religion” (Sunan Abi Dawud)
The office of Mujaddid is the highest office in the Muslim Umma, higher even than that of a Khalifa, Imam, ruler, judge, scholar, etc., because the Mujaddid is directly raised up by Allah like a Prophet is.