Sunday, 3 June 2018

Reality of Hakamids (Part 2)


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

والصلاة والسلام على رسوله الكريم

وعلى آله واهل بيته  اجمعين

In a previous entry regarding the cursed Hakamids, I cited two Hadith from the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him & his family) in which he cursed al-Hakam b. Abi al-AasLA and his progeny, namely, MarwanLA, and in which he saw, in a vision, the Hakamids, in the form of apes, mounted upon his Pulpit, which distressed him to the extent that he never laughed after that until he passed away from this world.
In this entry, I shall cite a few more narrations, absolutely authentic, in this regard. The modern Muhaddith, al-Albani, authenticated the following Hadith:
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ نُمَيْرٍ ، حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ حَكِيمٍ ، عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ بْنِ سَهْلِ بْنِ حُنَيْفٍ ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ، قَالَ : كُنَّا جُلُوسًا عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ عَمْرُو بْنُ الْعَاصِ يَلْبَسُ ثِيَابَهُ لِيَلْحَقَنِي ، فَقَالَ وَنَحْنُ عِنْدَهُ : " لَيَدْخُلَنَّ عَلَيْكُمْ رَجُلٌ لَعِينٌ " ، فَوَاللَّهِ مَا زِلْتُ وَجِلًا ، أَتَشَوَّفُ دَاخِلًا وَخَارِجًا ، حَتَّى دَخَلَ فُلَانٌ ، يَعْنِي الْحَكَمَ
Abd Allah b. AmruRA narrates that we were sitting near the Prophet (peace be upon him) when he said that a cursed man will enter upon you until so-and-son entered, namely, al-Hakam. (Musnad Ahmad)
Reference: Silsila al-Ahadith al-Sahiha #3240

 

 


Another well-known modern Muhaddith, Ahmad Muhammad Shakir, declared this Hadith authentic too in his checking of the Musnad of Imam Ahmad:
 
 
 

Imam al-BukhariRA cited another Hadith in abridged form:
عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ مَاهَكَ، قَالَ كَانَ مَرْوَانُ عَلَى الْحِجَازِ اسْتَعْمَلَهُ مُعَاوِيَةُ، فَخَطَبَ فَجَعَلَ يَذْكُرُ يَزِيدَ بْنَ مُعَاوِيَةَ، لِكَىْ يُبَايِعَ لَهُ بَعْدَ أَبِيهِ، فَقَالَ لَهُ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ شَيْئًا، فَقَالَ خُذُوهُ‏.‏ فَدَخَلَ بَيْتَ عَائِشَةَ فَلَمْ يَقْدِرُوا ‏{‏عَلَيْهِ‏}‏ فَقَالَ مَرْوَانُ إِنَّ هَذَا الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ ‏{‏وَالَّذِي قَالَ لِوَالِدَيْهِ أُفٍّ لَكُمَا أَتَعِدَانِنِي‏}‏‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ الْحِجَابِ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِينَا شَيْئًا مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ إِلاَّ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَنْزَلَ عُذْرِي
Narrated Yusuf bin Mahak: Marwan had been appointed as the governor of Hijaz by Muawiya. He delivered a sermon and mentioned Yazid bin Muawiya so that the people might take the oath of allegiance to him as the successor of his father (Muawiya). Then `Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr told him something whereupon Marwan ordered that he be arrested. But `Abdur-Rahman entered `Aisha's house and they could not arrest him. Marwan said, “It is he (`AbdurRahman) about whom Allah revealed this Verse:-- 'And the one who says to his parents: 'Fie on you! Do you hold out the promise to me..?'" On that, `Aisha said from behind a screen, “Allah did not reveal anything from the Qur'an about us except what was connected with the declaration of my innocence (of the slander).” (Sahih al-Bukhari #4827)
 
In other versions, it is mentioned that when Marwan claimed that the Ayah (Sura 46:17) was revealed concerning Abd al-Rahman b. Abi BakrRA, the latter replied:
فَقَالَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ : كَذَبْتَ ، وَلَكِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَعَنَ أَبَاكَ
“You lie! Rather, the Messenger of Allah – peace be upon him – cursed your father” (Musnad al-Bazar)
And both al-Albani and al-Haythami declared Isnaduhu Hasan
Reference: Silsila al-Ahadith al-Sahiha #3240
 


لما بايع معاوية رضي الله عنه لابنه قال مروان سنة أبي بكر وعمر رضي الله عنهما فقال عبد الرحمن بن أبي بكر رضي الله عنهما سنة هرقل وقيصر
When Mu’awiya took the Bay’a for his son (Yazid), Marwan said: “(It is the) Sunna of Abi Bakr and Umar – Allah be pleased with them both)” So Abd al-Rahman b. Abi BakrRA said: “(It is the) Sunna of Heraclius and Caesar!”
Furthermore, Umm al-Mu’minin A’ishaRA said:
كذب مروان والله ماهو به ولوشئت أن أسمي الذي أنزلت فيه لسميته ولكن رسول الله لعن أبا مروان ومروان في صلبه فمروان فضض من لعنة الله
“Marwan lied…The Messenger of Allah cursed the father of Marwan and Marwan was in his loins.”
Al-Albani said Isnaduhu Sahih
Reference: Silsila al-Ahadith al-Sahiha #3240
 
Imam Ibn Abd al-Barr has also mentioned some of these narrations:
Reference: al-Isti’ab fi Ma’rifat al-Ashab p.360
 
 

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ الْحَجَّاجِ السَّامِيُّ ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ ، عَنِ عَطَاءِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ ، عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى ، قَالَ : كُنْتُ بَيْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ وَالْحَسَنِ ، وَمَرْوَانَ يَتَشَاتَمَانِ ، فَجَعَلَ الْحَسَنُ يَكُفُّ الْحُسَيْنَ ، فَقَالَ مَرْوَانُ : أَهْلُ بَيْتٍ مَلْعُونُونَ ، فَغَضِبَ الْحَسَنُ ، فَقَالَ : " أَقُلْتَ : أَهْلُ بَيْتٍ مَلْعُونُونَ ؟ فَوَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ لَعَنَكَ اللَّهُ عَلَى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، وَأَنْتَ فِي صُلْبِ أَبِيكَ
Abi Yahya narrates that he was with al-HusaynAS and al-HasanAS while Marwan was insulting them and al-HasanAS prevented al-HusaynAS (from responding). Then Marwan said: “Ahl al-Bayt are cursed”. Then al-HasanAS was infuriated and said: “Do you say the Ahl al-Bayt are cursed?! By Allah! Allah cursed you upon the tongue of His Prophet (peace be upon him) while you were yet in your father’s loins.” (Musnad Abi Ya’la)
And in another version:
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ ، عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى النَّخَعِيِّ ، أَنَّ الْحَسَنَ ، وَالْحُسَيْنَ مَرَّ بِهِمَا مَرْوَانُ ، فَقَالَ لَهُمَا قَوْلا قَبِيحًا ، فَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ ، أَوِ الْحُسَيْنُ : " وَاللَّهِ ، ثُمَّ وَاللَّهِ ، لَقَدْ لَعَنَكَ اللَّهُ وَأَنْتَ فِي صُلْبِ الْحَكَمِ عَلَى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ " ، قَالَ : فَسَكَتَ مَرْوَانُ
Abi Yahya al-Nakha’i narrated that either al-HasanAS or al-HusaynAS said: “By Allah, again by Allah! Allah cursed you while you were in the loins of al-Hakam upon the tongue of His Prophet – peace be upon him.” So Marwan was silenced. (ibid)
Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani has also recorded it
Reference: Matalib al-Aaliya v.18 p.265, #4455

 

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