Thursday, 25 January 2018

Reciting Amen Silently


بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

والصلاة والسلام على أشرف الأنبياء والمرسلين

وعلى آله وأصحابه أجمعين

 

Saying Amen Silently

آمين بالسر

 

The Ta’min, or saying ‘Ameen’ after the recitation of Surat-al-Fatiha in the Salat for both the Imam and the Ma’mum is from the Sunna of the Prophet Muhammad . Heretical sects such as the Shi’a and the Ibadiya (Kharijites) do not practice this Sunna. The Prophet said:
مَا حَسَدَتْكُمُ الْيَهُودُ عَلَى شَىْءٍ مَا حَسَدَتْكُمْ عَلَى السَّلاَمِ وَالتَّأْمِينِ
“The Jews are not jealous of you of anything more than they are jealous of you of the Salam and (saying) Amin.” (Sunan Ibn Maja #856)
 
Based on this blessed Hadith, those people who do not verbalize the Amin in the Salat are likened to Jews.
 
However, there is a controversy over whether Amin should be recited aloud or silently in the Salat. The Hanafi school of law famously enjoins the latter position – that it should be recited silently.
 
The proof for it being Sunna to recite the Amin silently is the Hadith narrated by Wa’il b. HujrRA:
 
حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ ، قَالَ : أَخْبَرَنِي سَلَمَةُ بْنُ كُهَيْلٍ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ حُجْرًا أَبَا الْعَنْبَسِ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنَ وَائِلٍ يُحَدِّثُ ، عَنْ وَائِلٍ ، وَقَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ مِنْ وَائِلٍ ، أَنَّهُ صَلَّى مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، فَلَمَّا قَرَأَ : غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالِّينَ سورة الفاتحة آية 7 ، قَالَ : آمِينَ ، خَفَضَ بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ، وَوَضَعَ يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى عَلَى يَدِهِ الْيُسْرَى ، وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ، وَعَنْ يَسَارِهِ
 
Wa’ilRA was praying with Allah’s Apostle so when he recited: “Not those upon whom is Your fury nor those who are astray” (Sura 1:7) he said: “Amin” subduing his voice with it. And he placed his right hand upon his left hand, and gave Salam to his right and to his left. (Musnad Abi Daud al-Tayalisi)
 
Dr. Abdullah bin Abdul Muhsin al-Turki (b. 1940), General Secretary of the Muslim World League, in his checking of the Musnad of Imam Abu Daud al-Tayalisi, declared this Hadith authentic:


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